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  • Writer's pictureDavid Carter

Soft Tissue Therapy: An Effective Approach to Rotator Cuff Injury Rehabilitation



Hello, this is Dr. David from Move Chiropractic in Angier, North Carolina. Today, we delve into the conservative management of rotator cuff injuries, focusing particularly on the crucial role of soft tissue therapy. Rotator cuff injuries, resulting from inflammation or tears in the tendons and muscles that facilitate shoulder mobility, are common, especially among individuals performing repetitive overhead activities. Fortunately, these injuries can be effectively managed and healed using non-surgical approaches.


Soft tissue therapy plays a key role in this conservative approach to treatment. This therapy concentrates on muscles, ligaments, and tendons – the "soft tissues" of the body – aiming to alleviate pain, increase range of motion, and promote overall health and functionality1.


1. Reduces Pain and Inflammation: Inflammation and pain are prevalent symptoms of a rotator cuff injury. Techniques such as trigger point therapy, cross-friction massage, and scraping, all components of soft tissue therapy, can help decrease inflammation by boosting blood circulation in the affected area2. This increased blood flow carries necessary oxygen and nutrients to the damaged tissues, aiding the reduction of inflammation and pain.


2. Promotes Healing: Soft tissue therapy assists the healing process by breaking down scar tissue and adhesions that may develop following a rotator cuff injury3. Techniques like cross-friction therapy and scraping are particularly effective. Cross-friction therapy involves rubbing the injured tissue in a direction perpendicular to the fiber alignment, which aids in reduces adhesions and promotes proper, aligned healing. Scraping, often performed with a specialized tool, further stimulates the body's natural healing response.


3. Enhances Flexibility and Range of Motion: By reducing pain and inflammation and promoting proper healing, soft tissue therapy often results in an improved range of motion in the affected area1. This is particularly crucial in rotator cuff injuries, where maintaining and improving shoulder movement is paramount.


4. Prevents Future Injuries: By addressing muscle imbalances, increasing flexibility, and improving function, soft tissue therapy plays a preventive role in reducing the risk of future injuries4. It forms an essential component of a comprehensive treatment plan that factors in your overall health and specific needs.


Beyond soft tissue therapy, other conservative treatment options include:


Dry Needling: Dry needling is an effective method to manage myofascial pain5. It involves the insertion of a "dry" needle (without medication or injection) through the skin into muscle trigger points.


Cupping: Cupping is a therapeutic method with roots in China6. It entails placing cups on the skin to create suction, which can stimulate healing through increased blood flow. It also assists in reducing pain and inflammation, and promoting relaxation.


Chiropractic Adjustments: Targeted adjustments can enhance spinal function and alleviate stress on your nervous system. This enables your body to better manage the pain and inflammation associated with rotator cuff injuries7.


The optimal treatment plan will depend on the severity of your injury, your overall health, and other personal factors. A customized approach that integrates these treatments, along with home exercises, rest, and potentially other therapies, may greatly enhance your prognosis.


Remember, early intervention is key to optimal outcomes. If you're experiencing shoulder pain or other symptoms indicative of a rotator cuff injury, seek help promptly. At Move Chiropractic, we're committed to helping you move, perform, and live better.


Remember, this blog post is intended to be informative and does not replace professional medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional before commencing any new treatment.


References:

Footnotes

  1. Brumitt, J., Matheson, J.W., Meira, E.P. (2013). Core stability training for injury prevention. Sports Health, 5(6), 514–522. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738113481200 ↩2

  2. Simmonds, N., Miller, P., Gemmell, H. (2012). A theoretical framework for the role of fascia in manual therapy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 16(1), 83–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.09.001

  3. Butler, D.S. (2000). The Sensitive Nervous System. Noigroup Publications.

  4. Myers, T.W. (2013). Anatomy Trains: Myofascial Meridians for Manual and Movement Therapists. Elsevier Health Sciences.

  5. Gattie, E., Cleland, J.A., Snodgrass, S. (2017). The effectiveness of trigger point dry needling for musculoskeletal conditions by physical therapists: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 47(3), 133–149. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2017.7096

  6. Rozenfeld, E., Kalichman, L. (2016). New is the well-forgotten old: The use of dry cupping in musculoskeletal medicine. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 20(1), 173–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.11.009

  7. Meeker, W.C., Haldeman, S. (2002). Chiropractic: A profession at the crossroads of mainstream and alternative medicine. Annals of Internal Medicine, 136(3), 216–227. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-136-3-200202050-00010

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